Ethnic maps

The maps and the data sheets have been created using the following databases: 

1. 2002 Census results, ethnicity/ethnic affiliation, administrative subunits
2. 2002 Census results, mother language, administrative subunits
3. 2011 Census results, ethnicity/ethnic affiliation, administrative-territorial units


Numbers smaller than 3 are not showed at the level of administrative-territorial units, but they are included in the calculation of the country-level total. Similarly, numbers smaller than 5 are not showed for administrative subunits, but they are included in the calculation of the country-level total.

We have created country-level maps for each legally recognized minority in Romania. However, as certain minority rights depend on the territorial distribution of a minority (for e.g., the right to use their mother tongue in local public administration), we have county-level and administrative unit-level maps only where the proportion of at least one minority group exceeds 20%. These minorities are the following: Bulgarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Greeks, Croatians, Serbs, Lipovan Russians, Tatars, Turks and the Roma. In cases where the proportion of a minority is less than 20% of the population, we have created only country-level maps (Armenians, Italians and Jews).  


The presentation of the 2002 Census results is based on the actual territorial-administrative structure of Romania. When analyzing the data, one must take into consideration the administrative modifications in the past and its effect on the ethnic structure.

The 2011 Census results regarding the ethnicity/ethnic affiliation are preliminary results published by the National Institute of Statistics (INS). These data represent the results of summarising tables completed by the enumerators (CELR). The final results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census will be obtained through the processing of the individual information included in the census registration forms.